Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease otherwise known as COPD is a chronic inflammatory lung disease that causes obstruction of airflow from the lungs that is not fully reversible (1). COPD is the leading cause of avoidable hospital admissions affecting over 1 in 4 Australians aged over 75 years old (1). 7.5% of Australians aged over 40 years old are affected by COPD that is of at least moderate severity (1).
Bone mineral density is a measurement of bone strength, most commonly measured through the gold standard dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scan.1 Osteoporosis is a chronic condition following osteopenia that impacts the integrity of an individual’s bones through microarchitectural deterioration, therefore placing them at an increased fracture risk than a healthy compare.2-3
Improvement in cancer research has increased our chances of detecting cancer at an earlier stage, helping individuals access better care and increasing the mortality rate after a diagnosis. Receiving a cancer diagnosis can be a life changing event, but the importance of exercise is still relevant with recent research showing that only a small amount of exercise can immediately improve treatment related side effects.
World Health Organisation (WHO) recognises mental health as “a state of well-being in which an individual realises or recognises his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and is able to make a contribution to his or her community.
Chronic heart failure is a condition whereby the heart is no longer able to maintain its function and is unable to effectively pump blood to the lungs and the rest of the body. This is commonly caused by conditions like ischaemic heart disease, high blood pressure and diabetes amongst others.